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Recent Articles

Enhancing the processability of plastics using carbon dioxide and water

Silas Owusu-Nkwantabisah, Alan J. Lesser, and Claudia Staudt
27 November 2017
The synergy obtained by combining supercritical carbon dioxide and superheated water enables polyethersulfone to be processed at significantly lower temperatures than in conventional processes.

Electrospinning chitosan nanopowders into biocompatible polymeric mats

Xueqiong Yin, Jiazhi Ma, Junhua Chen, Wenyuan Dong, Qinhuan Zeng, and Li Zhu
21 November 2017
Chitosan nanopowders can be electrospun into nanofibers together with a poly(vinyl alcohol) solution to create chitosan-based mats with good blood compatibility.

Adding carbon nanotubes to elastomer blends for improved mechanical performance

Seyed Mohamad Reza Paran, Ghasem Naderi, and Aghil Babakhani
14 November 2017
The addition of carbon nanotubes into a natural rubber/ethylene propylene diene monomer blend enhances the cure characteristics and physical and mechanical properties of the resultant nanocomposites.

High-efficiency hot embossing for polypropylene

Jingyao Sun, Daming Wu, Ying Liu, Zhenzhou Yang, and Pengsheng Gou
7 November 2017
A new plate-to-plate isothermal hot embossing method with a low cycle time enables highly uniform microstructures to be introduced in semicrystalline polymers for use in practical devices.

Friction stir processing of thermoplastic/rubber/nanoclay composites

Mohammad Reza Nakhaei, Amir Mostafapour, and Ghasem Naderi
2 November 2017
The effects of pin geometry and process parameters on the mechanical properties of samples fabricated via this novel technique are investigated.

Accurate, repeatable, and efficient fiber-length measurements

Sebastian Goris, Tim A. Osswald, Teresa Back, Dietmar Drummer, Angel Yanev, and Dave Brands
31 October 2017
Conventional fiber-length measurement techniques for discontinuous fiber-reinforced composites are evaluated and a novel characterization methodology is proposed.

Predicting the mechanical behavior of butadiene-rubber nanocomposites

Sepideh Zoghi, Ghasem Naderi, and Shirin Shokoohi
24 October 2017
The physical and mechanical characteristics of butadiene-rubber-based nanocomposites can be reliably predicted using theoretical hyper-elastic models and finite-element simulations.

Real-time viscosity monitoring during graft copolymerization of gelatinized starch

Judy R. Witono, Inge-Willem Noordergraaf, Erik Heeres, and Leon P. B. M. Janssen
17 October 2017
A combined stirrer–torque meter provides a novel and effective way to obtain continuous, in-line measurements of reaction mixtures.

Agricultural waste can replace wood in plastic composites

Israel Kellersztein and Ana Dotan
10 October 2017
Waste wheat straw can be treated for use as an environmentally sustainable reinforcement in composite materials, with performance equal or better than wood-polymer composites.

Creep-recovery behavior of novel polyurethane/carbon nanotube composites

Ramin Shamsi, Reza Sheibani, and Hamed Nazarpour-Fard
6 October 2017
Dynamic mechanical analysis and three well-known models were used to investigate the mechanical properties of samples synthesized from recycled poly-ethylene terephthalate.